Impact Crater Lab
Creative Commons CC BY 4.0
The impact crater of a small metal ball of 63.7 grams (0.0637kg) is dropped from 8 different heights, ranging from 0.20m to 0.90m was observed. A mean was measured for the craters diameter. Using the equation E=mg$\Delta$h given that we have m, and g is a constant of 9.81 we can find the kinetic energy of the ball on impact. The relationship between crater diameter, D, and impact energy, E, is given by D=kE$^n$ where K is constant and n is found by the gradient of the graph and is also constant. This can be modified to give $\log D = n\log E + \log k$.